Home-based Services:

The child and family are involved in regularly scheduled home instruction by a teacher and/or therapists.  Parents work with the staff member(s) to decide what is important for their child to learn and what activities they can do to help their child develop new skills and behaviors.

Pre-School Education:

Developmental classrooms focus on individual needs of children, such as language stimulation and social play.  Children with special needs have opportunities to play with peers and learn from them.  Children in a smaller group have more individualized learning time.  Parents can choose to send their child from 1-4 times a week for 2 1/2-hour session.

Inclusion Program:

Programs which emphasize instruction and acceptance of students with disabilities in classrooms of peers without disabilities.


Center/School Based Services:

Special educational services offered at a specific school or program site.


Community Based Instruction Services:

Programs which provide learning and useful experiences for a student in the community.



Therapies, including speech/language, physical, social work, psychological, audiological, and occupational therapies are offered in the classroom or in a separate therapeutic setting.


Extended School Year (ESY)

Refers to an extension of the programming from the regular school year (beyond 180 days per year) as identified in the IEP and is provided at no cost to the parent.


Alternative Programs

Services for a student in a setting different or away from the general education program that the student would normally attend.


Transition Services

Refers to planning and providing services to students beginning at age 14 to prepare them for life after their graduation.

Taken from Taos Municipal Schools Department of Special Education, Parent Handbook